The only thing that has changed in bronze manufacture is the casting process. This is the manufacture and reproduction of the raw casts, which only become Vienna Bronzes through time-consuming manual labour by the chaser. That, which previously was done only through painstaking sand casting, [...]
The tradition of Vienna Bronze can be traced to the middle of the 19th century. Around 50 manufacturers resided in Vienna at the turn of the century, as small sculpture with its fine detail enjoyed great popularity.
At this time numerous sculptors and modellers were active in selling their work and models to bronze manufacturers, who then reproduced these. This means that a stamp (hallmark) alone shows who the manufacturer of a Bronze is, but not who the creator was. The artists remained largely unknown, which is a pity. One of these modellers was Harald P. Höller’s grandfather, Eduard Neusch-Höller.
Of course there are several others whose works are also well-known, such as LORENZL, ZACH, NAMGREB (Bergmann) CARL KAUBA etc.
But even they did not work on every piece themselves, only the original model. One had chasers for the subsequent reproduction. Thus there are also differences in price for identical models, depending on the quality of the work.
The quality of the final piece depended on how gifted the chaser was and how perfectly he carried out his work. The painting of the final finish too was, and still is, an important factor.